A woman’s body prepares itself for a pregnancy every month and menstruation is a part of this process. If a pregnancy does not occur, the uterus sheds its lining which is known as menstruation or monthly bleeding. This passes out of the womans body through the vagina every month. Periods usually start during the early teens for most of the girls and end when it is menopause. This bleeding normally lasts from 3 to 5 days on average.
The menstrual cycle is calculated as the number of days from day 1 of the period to the day 1 of the next period. Most of the women have a 28 days cycle, while a menstrual cycle of 21 to 35 days is also considered normal. Some women experience irregular and painful menstruation during which they have menstrual cramps and severe pain. The discomfort due to menstrual cramps can make it difficult for a woman to carry out daily functions during the period. The pain and discomfort may start few days before the bleeding or at the start of the bleeding. It reduces as the period ends. Condition of excessive painful menstruation is called dysmeorrhea.
Primary dysmeorrhea is when the pain starts around the time of the menstrual cycle and is not related to any problem with the uterus. Secondary dysmeorrhea is when the pain starts after the bleeding and is related to problems in the pelvic organs or uterus. The causes of this pain may be: cysts, stress, fibroids, pelvic inflammation, anxiety or sexually transmitted diseases. Menstrual cramps are said to be related to a substance known as prostaglandin which makes the uterus contract.
Natural remedies for painful menstruation and menstrual cramps can be availed of for reducing the discomfort. The other treatments include medications like anti inflammatory pills, pain relievers, birth control pills, antibiotics or anti depressants. Some of the natural remedies for painful menstruation are as follows:
1. Aloe Vera: Intake of Aloe juice is said to be beneficial in treating menstrual cramps and pain.
2. Garlic: Include garlic in your diet or boil few cloves of garlic in water and drink this water regularly.
3. Massage: A soothing abdominal massage can help in this condition by reducing the pain and tension in that region.
4. Parsley: Drink parsley juice to ease painful menstruation.
5. Ginger: Boil a piece of ginger in a cup of water and drink this regularly. This is one of the effective natural remedies for painful menstruation.
6. Sesame seeds: Boil the seeds in water, cool, strain and drink it regularly. These seeds help in the condition of pain during periods.
7. Coriander: Another one of the natural remedies for menstrual cramps is coriander. Boil the coriander seeds in water for a while. Let it cool, the strain it and drink this water. This decoction will give relief from painful menstrual and menstrual cramps.
It is very important to maintain a healthy diet apart from following the above natural remedies for painful menstruation. Eat food rich in iron and avoid tea, coffee, refined foods, oily and greasy foods. Also avoid foods that are hard to digest. Include papaya, bitter gourd, cucumbers and drumsticks in your diet. A regular exercise regime or practice of yoga can help immensely to ease of the menstrual cramps. However avoid exercising during the menstruation.